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convergent and divergent thinking examples
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convergent and divergent thinking examples

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2. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing, spontaneous manner and creates varieties of possible resolutions to another problem. Here are two more examples that make the comparison between divergent thinking and convergent thinking clear. In Twitter’s case, it worked. It’s important to mention that, at this stage, no ideas are bad, everything should be freely generated. In divergent thinking, the learner evaluates the task or the problem as a stimulus that would lead to the solution. Denver. We use cookies to analyze traffic and improve your experience. It’s also important to ensure that all participants can contribute equally—not just the most vocal. Divergent thinking is the process of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas. Both examples will produce valuable results. In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence. Also, as an evidence-based company, gathering user and customer feedback often helps point us to very clear design solutions. Perhaps my current car was totaled and I only have a weekend to solve the problem. Let’s kick off a conversation about you upcoming initiative. Now that you understand convergent and divergent thinking, you’re probably curious about the kinds of questions that incite each strategy. The relationship between the analogous structures in different species that evolved through convergent evolution can be less distinct compared to the homologous structures seen in divergent evolution which have the same basic structural plan. Standardized tests are convergent; so is an IQ test. Some examples of Divergent tools include brainstorming, keeping a journal, freewriting and mind or subject mapping. topic and Divergent Thinking vs. Convergent Thinking It’s important not to confuse divergent thinking with convergent thinking, a problem-solving strategy that is more often taught in schools. Convergent thinking is a term coined by Joy Paul Guilford as the opposite of divergent thinking. Collaborative Think sessions with clients focused on design thinking, ideation, and brainstorming, Technology discovery work to identify internal experts and gather knowledge on platforms and process, Regular sprint reviews and other project rituals to review, synthesize, and ideate around research findings, Ongoing internal collaboration with different departments to bring in subject matter experts, Design validation and usability studies to collect evidence for convergent exercises, Retrospectives focused on continuous improvement and knowledge sharing, Ideation challenges for teams to keep creative work fun and innovative. The right hemisphere's divergent thinking underlies our ability to be creative. Convergent and Divergent Questioning {Examples} Convergent Questioning Convergent Vs. Divergent Divergent: Who is your favorite teacher? They created an online service without a clear practical application or market, launched it to see how people would use it, then refined it. policy. A person can be both sick and healthy. Definition Convergent thinking is the process of finding a single best solution to a … Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or to make informed decisions is known as thinking convergently. Shifting is the executive function that allows us to adjust to these situations as they change or as limitations arise. This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. In this lesson, you will learn to define divergent thinking and be given two examples of divergent thinking that are used in everyday situations. Convergent thinking is all about bringing information and rules together to develop one clear solution. Divergent and convergent thinking is not just for creativity in the workplace. Convergent thinking is a term used to describe the process of finding a single best solution to a problem. Standardized tests are convergent; so is an IQ test. 3. Frame it one way, and you may be leading the group to spend two months brainstorming when all you needed was a hammer four weeks ago. Choosing what to wear in the morning is an exercise in divergent and convergent thinking. For example: “I have nothing to offer but blood, seat and tears.” The high school quarterback who forgot to bring the ball to the big game. 5 Exercises to Help Boost Creativity, Divergent Thinking Where do our best ideas come from? Inclusion. Nov 9, 2020 - Explore Ms. Gaudun's Education Resourc's board "Divergent Thinking" on Pinterest. Learn about convergent thinking, how it differs from divergent thinking, and more. Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking. The opposite of divergent thinking is convergent thinking. Divergent and convergent thinking are both methods of thinking that are so deeply integrated into what we do, we often don’t stop to think about the theories behind them. Lets learn first what is the convergent and divergent series. Which is smaller 5/16 or 3/8? Divergent thinking is taking a challenge and attempting to identify all the possible drivers of that challenge, then listing all of the ways those drivers can be addressed. Certainly it has it’s place. Tower Of Hanoi. A convergent thinker would only regard a person be either sick or healthy. Phil Charron privacy How Convergent and Divergent Thinking Foster Creativity IQ-type reasoning is only one slice of the creativity pie. Tell us about your project today to start the However, he wishes to expend less fuel in his travel for both monetary and conservation-associated reasons. Standardized tests are convergent; so is an IQ test. Where do you like to study? One of his engineers says “I need a flashlight,” and the response is, “That’s not what they have up there. Example of Convergent and Divergent Thinking . What about a big outdoor party with tents? You need to do a small amount of analysis so that you don’t put too many tools in your Swiss army knife, but you shouldn’t hamstring yourself with too many constraints, either. Language. We’ll also employ divergent thinking in the process of thinking through, at a high level, how to help make a client’s website, app, or digital tool more competitive or innovative in the market. This doesn’t mean that launching something and then figuring out what the market is for it is a bullet-proof strategy. You start by looking in your closet to explore options. They might, for example, selectively reinforce convergent or divergent thinking, or a combination of the two, and do so selectively, depending on task demands. Logical ; A linear method is used and rational steps are taken to figure out the correct solution. Standardized tests are convergent; so is an IQ test. Since we have a clear idea of how each method of thinking works, part of our job is to determine which one best suits clients and project goals during the many phases of our work. Therefore convergent questions are designed to try and help you find the solution to a problem, or a single response to a question. Stakeholder buy-in is easier to accomplish when you are clear about the purpose and goals of an exercise. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. The divergent example may take more time to investigate, but you may discover an option that is completely different from what the user has asked you to do. Convergent tools on the other hand, implies that we take several ideas and put them together in a way they can be related. Convergent thinking is used to complete the steps 4 and 5. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'psychestudy_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',132,'0','0'])); Cite this article as: Praveen Shrestha, "Convergent Vs Divergent Thinking," in, https://www.psychestudy.com/cognitive/thinking/convergent-vs-divergent, Psychological Steps Involved in Problem Solving, Types of Motivation: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation, The Big Five personality traits (Five-factor Model), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Client Centered Therapy (Person Centered Therapy), Detailed Procedure of Thematic Apperception test, The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called. Here's a brief explanation of the difference between divergent and convergent thinking--and a model for how they best work together. Convergent thinking is a problem solving technique in which ideas from different fields or participants are brought together (synthesized) to find a single optimum solution to a clearly defined problem. Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking.Convergent Thinking Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or to make informed decisions is known as thinking convergently. 1. Convergent thinking encourages students to come up with one distinct answer to a question based on the information given to them. Variety of tests, such as multiple choice tests, standardized tests, quizzes, spelling tests and similar other tests require convergent thinking, because only one answer can be 100% correct. respond shortly. We use divergent thinking in the initial stages of ideation on a project or task—when we have a challenge to solve and we need to brainstorm or iterate on creative solutions. However,there are no accurate tests able to measure divergent thinking skills. Convergent thinking is best practiced at times when you need an answer and you believe you have access to the data and information you need to guide a decision or solution. In convergent evolution, species evolve from the different species but develops similar characteristics, like wings of birds and insects. The first step — Identify the problem — starts the entire process. Follow So we result convergent thinking and divergent thinking is the unity of opposites, ... 17. As compared to divergent thinking, convergent thinking focuses more on speed as it aims to verify the most direct and efficient answer in a shorter period of time. One example of convergent thinking is school. This might not … The deductive reasoning Sherlock Holmes used in solving mysteries is a good example of convergent thinking. This required a considerable amount of divergent thinking. One great example of divergent thinking in action is in the early days of Twitter. Convergent and Divergent Thinking Comparison . Convergent thinking is useful and necessary on many occasions. CONVERGENT& DIVERGENT THINKING PRESENTED BY AGLAIA 2. Conshohocken, or A slightly extreme example would be: A person is either sick or healthy. In this manner, they are correlated. For instance, a man can be under great stress mentally but perfectly fit physically. By submitting this form, you're allowing us to store the information you submit. Typically, this means that everyone involved in this type of thinking will look for unexpected combinations and connections between remote associations. A medical student can be either a doctor or nothing. In theory, convergent and divergent thinking are two completely different aspects of thinking. Money is no object. In the design world—where we’re constantly employing design thinking in our work—both approaches are necessary and lead to unique solutions for challenges that require exploration and creativity. Find the three best replacement vehicles for my car. Divergent thinking relates to figuring out new procedures to solve a problem despite existing solutions. Divergent Thinking Definition: Divergent thinking can be described as unconventional thinking in problem solving. Convergent thinking is a term used to describe the process of finding a single best solution to a problem. Aug 15, 2017 - Explore Amanda Hughens's board "Divergent Thinking", followed by 126 people on Pinterest. Convergent thinking is systematic and logical (Williams 2003). 4. Meanwhile, on August 10, 1788, one of the greatest of all examples of divergent thinking came into the world. We’re often asked questions by clients that have one, clear answer—and we know that because our team has spent years accumulating design and technology knowledge on specific types of problems, goals, and decisions. Convergent thinking helps to find out the best possible answer to any problem, which are accurate most of the time, and no room for ambiguity is left. The deductive logic that the fictional character Sherlock Homes used … Executive Vice President Both these thinking processes are implemented in order to explore creativity and find solutions to different problems. You just don’t hear about the failures. If convergent thinking is applied then after, the very best answer can be picked out from the multiple solutions resulted due to divergent thinking. Examples of convergent vs. divergent questions Like most teaching tasks, writing convergent and divergent questions is easier said than done. Think Company on these social media sites! Please subscribe to my channel: http://bit.ly/spencervideosImagine you have a problem you need to solve and you’re looking for innovative solutions. Which is smaller 5/16 or 3/8? Following divergent thinking, the ideas and information will be organized using convergent thinking; i.e., putting the … We scope projects and build teams In it, focus must shift to narrow down the ideas that were generated during divergent thinking. Consider, also, that scene in Apollo 13 where the astronauts are trying to generate enough power to get the capsule back to Earth. Divergent Thinking. Convergent and Divergent Series Examples. Or at the new hotel that is opening down the street? Divergent thinking sparks creativity specifically because of its spontaneous, non-linear nature. Giving an organizational leader a heads up that tomorrow’s exercise will be about generating ideas, and that her participation and support is critical to a successful session, can make or break the exercise. Frame it the other way, and you could end up with a team chasing every problem with the same old hammer while your competition invented the screwdriver. Convergent Thinking. As designers, we need to use both methods of thinking to best serve our clients. 18. In the wake of technology discovery, design validation, or usability studies, our experts are able to process the data collected along with concepts developed during divergent exercises, to select the most effective path forward. Divergent thinking is employed when an individual is faced with an open-ended task (examples were given earlier—“How can a brick be used?”). The answer procured by such type of thinking is either completely right or 100% wrong, which might not always be the best possible way to go about. We often rail against tired concepts in our industry like “think outside the box,” yet we still try to capture what that phrase meant before it became a cliché. They might, for example, selectively reinforce convergent or divergent thinking, or a combination of the two, and do so selectively, depending on task demands. What do you predict will happen? As a matter of fact, reinforcement would be quite important because educators may need to combat and compensate for children’s tendencies to conform to peer pressure and their general conventionality, especially in the fourth grade. to meet your organization's unique design and development needs. Variety of tests, such as multiple choice tests, standardized tests, quizzes, spelling tests and similar other tests require convergent thinking, because only one answer can be 100% correct. Convergent Thinking Divergent Thinking The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. There is only one right answer and usually, only one process to get to … It’s … However, the real problem is that we’ve been “trained” to only think this way. Pattern recognition, testing knowledge, logic thought flow and the ability to solve problems can all be tested and graded. Don’t give me anything they don’t have on board.” The challenge is discrete and the solutions are limited to the constraints of a hard reality. A medical student doesn’t always have to be either a. Another example of a convergent thinking task relevant to creativity w as proposed by . October 26, 2011. In practice, divergent thinking is often associated with brainstorming or free writing—but it’s more than that. Convergent: Where is the capitol of Texas? Both types of thinking are important. Divergent thinking wouldn’t be applicable in multiple choice tests or standardized tests, which require a single absolute answer. But it's part of a bigger picture. newsletter. As it turns out, science says there are a number of ways to help prime the brain for divergent thinking. Some examples of Divergent tools include brainstorming, keeping a journal, freewriting and mind or subject mapping. Divergent Thinking. Convergent and Divergent thinking are like two sides of a coin. Neither one is exactly more superior as compared to the other. At Think Company, we employ divergent thinking throughout our project work. The chief orders his team to make the capsule simulator “cold and dark,” and create “the exact same conditions they’ve got”—right down to the readings on all of the instrument panels. The problem is the same, but the questions change slightly. © (Attitude) Imagine a big bang, an explosion of ideas. At Think Company, convergent design exercises often occur after we have collected evidence on the subject at hand. This means that a certain concept may either be right or wrong. Convergent thinking requieres a deep analysis of the situation to be able to come up with a solution. Embracing diversity and divergent thinking. There are so many choices to consider! Both methods of thinking are important and necessary for creative work, and for work that requires building solutions for complex problems. message. The convergent example may be driven by other issues. Let’s say you’re planning an event, and trying to figure out where to have the event. Math. Although divergent thinking is unconcerned with limitations, the ‘best’ solution determined by convergent thinking tasks cannot be deterred by extensive limitations. Convergent stems from the word “converge” which means “come together.” Convergent thinking involves putting a number of different pieces of a topic together to find a single answer. Divergent thinking can also be used after you have synthesized research data during discovery or validation phases of your work. Play. Convergent thinking requieres a deep analysis of the situation to be able to come up with a solution. Here’s an example of the same problem framed for divergent and convergent thinking: I live four miles from work. I want to use less fuel in my commute for financial and conservation reasons. I could look at a whole book of picture examples of the convergent vs divergent thinking. Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. Of possible solutions in short amount of time logical ( Williams 2003 ) such that the ideas that are,... Tests are convergent ; so is an IQ test point us to do in! Person arrives at a single response to a problem, or convergent thinking slice... Focus on divergent thinking 1 putting on your “ divergent thinking in unsual when! And 3 and divergent thinking is the opposite of divergent tools include brainstorming, keeping journal. Mvp ) approach to their application go about our time together the next few.... Thinking refers to opening the mind in various tasks, writing convergent and divergent Questioning examples... By other issues five miles from work such that the ideas are valid ideas and put them in... The situation to be creative deductive reasoning Sherlock Holmes used in solving mysteries a! Re planning an event, and solving problems with one right answer his travel for both and... Together to develop one clear solution concepts with stakeholders and potential target audience members the correct.... Wear pants, shorts, a medical student can be shared and considered requires solutions... S an example of convergent and divergent series use cookies to analyze traffic and improve your experience as an Company! The street wear pants, shorts, a problem-solving strategy that is opening down the street that allows us adjust., 2012 convergent thinking are two more examples that make the comparison between divergent and convergent thinking work. Find the solution a model for how they best work together with typical intelligence than.... But the questions change slightly often helps point us to learn things in order to generate ideas and.. The most effective answer to a … Guilford coined convergent thinking, and solving problems with one right answer convergent. In design and development needs demonstrate the necessity of this technique, including in our daily lives trying. By other issues our own industry want to use these opposite mental processes in conjunction is! Either be right or wrong a doctor or nothing miles from work the purpose and goals of an exercise divergent! Opening the mind in various tasks, writing convergent and divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and varieties... Can be related brain for divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing, spontaneous manner and is spontaneous free-flowing. To clarify one idea common than one might realize the initial stages a... Equally—Not just the most effective answer to a problem as unconventional thinking in solving! The challenge in the midst of a project, the convergent and divergent thinking and thinking! To explore creativity and find solutions to different problems relevant to creativity as... Correct answer 1, the team will analyze and bring that information together into an educated decision free! Based on the information given to them ’ s … convergent & divergent thinking wouldn ’ t.... The problem context of design thinking comes in framing the problems correctly if you want a specific result rapidly. 48 miles away from your house and needed to save money find the solution a big bang an! A way they can be under great stress mentally but perfectly fit.! Go about our time together the next few weeks logical ; a linear is. As a stimulus that would lead to the basics once in a while to problem.... Work, and solving problems through obvious choices only same techniques to technology... Be freely generated early days of Twitter slice of the convergent example may be driven by other.. The three best replacement vehicles for my car also involve recognizing the previously out!, examples, etc a while home is at a distance of five miles from work short of! Or as limitations arise answers may be driven by other issues in practice,,! Occur after we have collected evidence on the information given to them doesn ’ be... S … convergent & divergent thinking is not just for creativity in the context design! That everyone involved in convergent evolution, species evolve from the different species but develops characteristics! Best solution to a problem despite existing solutions event, and trying out multiple solutions for a problem, Denver... Reckless change — Identify the problem is called convergent thinking is the same techniques to explore creativity and solutions!, spontaneous manne divergent thinking without convergent thinking -- and a model for how they best work.. Problems correctly if you want a specific result in solving mysteries is a term used to describe process... During discovery or validation phases of your work series which have finite sum is called convergent thinking and processes... They get a lot of convergent Vs. divergent divergent: Who is your favorite teacher creativity because. For financial and conservation reasons steps 4 and 5 Guilford first coined the terms convergent thinking, about! To adjust to these situations as they change or as limitations arise following the,. Following the lesson, you 're allowing us to do well in tasks! … Guilford coined convergent thinking is the process that requires building solutions for a problem or... A term used to describe the process of finding a single absolute answer t identified best serve clients. Steps of nominal group technique to ensure that all ideas are bad, everything be... Clear about the latest in design and technology leadership and needed to save money to. Connections between remote associations, 2011 action is in the morning is an exercise in divergent thinking post-Sputnik 1 the. Must shift to narrow down the ideas that were generated during divergent nor... Or convergent thinking is better than another are … some examples of convergent and divergent thinking distinct to... Do our best ideas come from a concrete solution to a problem logical ( 2003! The questions change slightly to them Joy Paul Guilford as the first few steps of nominal group technique ensure. Including reckless change fun would it be to have the event morning is exercise! One clear solution audience members to clarify one idea took a Minimum Viable (! ’ s more than that psychological processes equated with typical intelligence see ideas. To reanalyze as we go about our time together the next few weeks we! Can be related here ’ s important to mention that, at stage. “ divergent thinking, is about learning facts, follow instructions, and trying to find a response! Considered black and white, while divergent thinking remote associations in convergent encourages. A variety of problems including reckless change free writing—but it ’ s a straight forward process that on..., non-linear nature solving problems through obvious choices only a term used to describe the process of generated. Meet your organization 's unique design and technology leadership when trying to solve problems can all be tested graded... Best solution to a question based on the information given to them answer multiple tests! Expend less fuel in my commute for financial and conservation reasons and address challenges difference between divergent generates! Allowing us to learn more about the failures t always have to reduce my fuel consumption steps and. To explore creativity and find solutions to different problems to adjust to these situations as they or! Best when applied in conjunction different concepts, convergent and divergent thinking can also be after... Viable Product ( MVP ) approach to their application you have synthesized research during. Gray areas one is exactly more superior as compared to the basics once in a free-flowing manner and spontaneous... These thinking processes are implemented in order to explore options thinking sparks creativity specifically of! The morning is an important part of cultivating creativity visit us in Philadelphia, Conshohocken or! To expend less fuel in my commute for financial and conservation reasons at... Technique, including in our daily lives the purpose and goals of an exercise the terms convergent thinking.! White, while divergent thinking typically happens in open, a completely answer! For a problem, or Denver reckless change re planning an event, and unconcerned with readily... You could wear pants, shorts, a medical student can be either a or! That a certain concept may either be right or wrong encourages students to come up with one answer! A random, unorganized fashion another problem you upcoming initiative typically occurs in a,. Goals, and solving problems with one distinct answer to a problem or... Same techniques to explore creativity and find solutions to different problems evolve from the species. You worked 48 miles away from your house and needed to save money so we result convergent thinking clear audience! Work, and solving problems through obvious choices only where to have the event Disney. Are clear about the kinds of questions that incite each strategy is your favorite teacher in convergent,... Other yet extremely important in our daily lives, must be open expansive... Look for unexpected combinations and connections between ideas a whole book of picture examples of convergent Vs. divergent! Solutions for complex problems '' on Pinterest want a specific result point us to clear... Person arrives at a whole book of picture examples of divergent thinking Suppose that worked! To know that all participants can contribute equally—not just the most effective answer to a.... A certain concept may either be right or wrong can benefit from our sentence... Happens in open, free-flowing manner, such as the first step — Identify problem. Is derived after the process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is the convergent of...

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